What’s the difference between proofreading, copy editing & rewriting?

Proofreadingcopy editing and rewriting are three quite different services.

For detailed information on what each entails, you can visit the proofreadingcopy editing and rewriting service pages.

For help deciding which of these is best for your work, read on.


Proofreading is the correction of errors. Once the writing is complete and the document is (almost) ready for printing/emailing/publishing, the final stage in the process is to send it to your proofreader.

A proofreader will weed out errors in spelling, grammar, syntax and punctuation, but will not make non-essential changes to the writing.

Our proofreading service is charged at £0.01 per word. We work mainly on academic papers, but are also happy to take commercial and non-profit assignments.

Copy editing

Copy editing is a far more extensive practice that consists of both correcting errors and creative rewording.

Copy editing takes place at the stage after writing and before proofreading.  The content of the paper is set, but the ‘wording’ could do with improving. Perhaps the structure is unclear, there are problems with repetition or redundancy, or English is not the writer’s first language and some of their phrasing is awkward.

Our copyediting service is charged at £0.02 per word. We work mainly on academic papers, but are also happy to take commercial and non-profit assignments.


Rewriting consists of a dramatic overhaul of an existing text.

Rewriting a document involves reducing an existing document to a list of notes, and then building an entirely new piece from this bare content.

Rewriting is often necessary where a document has been translated from another language and now exists in ‘broken English’. For writing like this, the editing process is often insufficient because the overall structure of the piece is inappropriate for the target language.

In other cases, a webmaster owns a number of sites that sell the same (or a similar) products and would like to have the same content written in different ways for each site.

Our rewriting service is charged at £0.03 per word. We provide this service to commercial and non-profit clients only.

Note: this service is inappropriate for academic papers.